Unicycle Laws

 

DISCLAIMER:

I am not a legal professional. All of the following information was found on the internet at the Queensland Government’s website for road rules. Its reproduction here is to be used as a guide only. If you need real legal advice talk to a professional.

 

As far as I am aware these laws are standard across Australia

 

Wayne van Wijk

 

 

Links within this document

 

Summary

 

Definitions of some terms

 

Laws for Bicycle Riders

 

Helmets

 

 

Summary

 

A unicycle is classed as a bicycle. This means that all relevant road rules that apply to bicycles also apply to the rider of a unicycle.

 

Unless otherwise signed, a unicyclist can ride on the road (where safe to do so), on a cycle path and on a footpath* (pedestrians have right of way).

*I am led to believe that in NSW the footpath law is different – consult your local government for more information.

 

You must wear a bicycle helmet.

 

“No Bicycle” signs apply to unicycles.

 

When you dismount you become a pedestrian.

 

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Definitions

 

Schedule 4

Transport Operations (Road Use Management)

Act 1995

 

bicycle

(a) means a vehicle with 1 or more wheels (including a pedicab,

penny farthing, scooter, tricycle and unicycle) built to be

propelled by human power through a belt, chain or gears; but

(b) does not include a wheelchair, wheeled recreational device,

wheeled toy, or any vehicle with an auxiliary motor capable of

generating power over 200 watts.

 

pedestrianincludes—

(a) a person in a motorised wheelchair that can not travel over

10 km/h; and

(b) a person in a non-motorised wheelchair; and

(c) a person pushing a motorised or non-motorised wheelchair; and

(d) a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.

 

 

Schedule 6

Transport Operations

(Road Use Management—RoadRules) Regulation 1999

 

approved bicycle helmet” means a helmet that complies with—

(a) AS 2063.1 and 2063.2; or

(b) another standard the chief executive considers is at least equal to

that standard.

 

 

wheeled recreational device” means a wheeled device, built to transport

a person, propelled by human power or gravity, and ordinarily used

for recreation or play, and—

(a) includes rollerblades, rollerskates, a skateboard or similar

wheeled device; but

(b) does not include a golf buggy, pram, stroller or trolley, or a

bicycle, wheelchair or wheeled toy.

 

wheeled toy” means a child’s pedal car, scooter or tricycle or a similar

toy, but only when it is being used by a child who is under 12 years

old.

 

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BICYCLE LAWS

 

PART 15—ADDITIONAL RULES FOR BICYCLE RIDERS

Transport Operations

(Road Use Management—RoadRules) Regulation 1999

 

 

245 Riding a bicycle

The rider of a bicycle must—

(a) sit astride the rider’s seat facing forwards (except if the bicycle is

not built to be ridden astride); and

(b) ride with at least 1 hand on the handlebars; and

(c) if the bicycle is equipped with a seat—not ride the bicycle seated

in any other position on the bicycle.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

246 Carrying people on a bicycle

The rider of a bicycle must not carry more persons on the bicycle than

the bicycle is designed to carry.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

s 247 201 s 250

Transport Operations (Road Use Management—Road

Rules) Regulation 1999

 

247 Riding in a bicycle lane on a road

(1) The rider of a bicycle riding on a length of road with a bicycle lane

designed for bicycles travelling in the same direction as the rider must ride

in the bicycle lane unless it is impracticable to do so.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(2) In this section—

roaddoes not include a road-related area.

 

248 No riding across a road on a crossing

The rider of a bicycle must not ride across a road, or part of a road, on a

children’s crossing, marked foot crossing or pedestrian crossing.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

249 Riding on a separated footpath

The rider of a bicycle must not ride on a part of a separated footpath

designated for the use of pedestrians.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

250 Riding on a footpath or shared path

(1) Subject to subsection (1A), the rider of a bicycle riding on a footpath

or shared path must—

(a) keep to the left of the footpath or shared path unless it is

impracticable to do so; and

(b) give way to any pedestrian on the footpath or shared path.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(1A) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person riding a bicycle on a

footpath if a local law otherwise provides.

(2) In this section—

footpathdoes not include a separated footpath.

s 251 202 s 252

Transport Operations (Road Use Management—Road

Rules) Regulation 1999

 

251 Riding to the left of oncoming bicycle riders on a path

The rider of a bicycle riding on a bicycle path, footpath, separated

footpath or shared path must keep to the left of any oncoming bicycle rider

on the path.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

252 No bicycles signs and markings

(1) The rider of a bicycle must not ride on a length of road or footpath to

which a no bicycles sign, or a no bicycles road marking, applies.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(2) A no bicycles sign, or a no bicycles road marking, applies to a length

of road or footpath beginning at the sign or marking and ending at the

nearest of the following—

(a) a bicycle path sign or bicycle path road marking;

(b) a bicycle lane sign;

(c) a separated footpath sign or separated footpath road marking;

(d) a shared path sign;

(e) an end no bicycles sign;

(f) the next intersection.

Examples

No bicycles sign Bicycle path sign

s 253 203 s 254

Transport Operations (Road Use Management—Road

Rules) Regulation 1999

 

253 Bicycle riders not to cause a traffic hazard

The rider of a bicycle must not cause a traffic hazard by moving into the

path of a driver or pedestrian.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

254 Bicycles being towed etc

(1) A person must not ride on a bicycle that is being towed by another

vehicle.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(2) The rider of a bicycle must not hold onto another vehicle while the

vehicle is moving.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

Bicycle lane sign Separated footpath sign

Shared path sign End no bicycles sign

s 255 204 s 257

Transport Operations (Road Use Management—Road

Rules) Regulation 1999

 

255 Riding too close to the rear of a motor vehicle

The rider of a bicycle must not ride within 2 m of the rear of a moving

motor vehicle continuously for more than 200 m.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

256 Bicycle helmets

(1) The rider of a bicycle must wear an approved bicycle helmet securely

fitted and fastened on the rider’s head.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(2) The rider of a bicycle must not carry a passenger on the bicycle

unless the passenger is wearing an approved bicycle helmet securely fitted

and fastened on the passenger’s head.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to the rider of a 3-wheeled or

4-wheeled bicycle who is carrying a paying passenger.

(4) A person is exempt from wearing a bicycle helmet if the person is

carrying a current doctor’s certificate stating that, for a stated period—

(a) the person can not wear a bicycle helmet for medical reasons; or

(b) because of a physical characteristic of the person, it would be

unreasonable to require the person to wear a bicycle helmet.

 

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257 Riding with a person on a bicycle trailer

(1) The rider of a bicycle must not tow a bicycle trailer with a person in

or on the bicycle trailer, unless—

(a) the rider is 16 years old, or older; and

(b) the person in or on the bicycle trailer is under 10 years old; and

(c) the bicycle trailer can safely carry the person; and

(d) the person in or on the bicycle trailer is wearing an approved

bicycle helmet securely fitted and fastened on the person’s head.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(2) In this section—

s 258 205 s 260

Transport Operations (Road Use Management—Road

Rules) Regulation 1999

bicycle trailer” means a vehicle that is built to be towed, or is towed, by

a bicycle.

 

258 Equipment on a bicycle

A person must not ride a bicycle or powered wheeled recreational device

that does not have—

(a) at least 1 effective brake; and

(b) a bell, horn or similar warning device in working order.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

259 Riding at night

The rider of a bicycle or powered wheeled recreational device must not

ride at night, or in hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility,

unless the bicycle or device, or the rider, displays—

(a) a flashing or steady white light that is clearly visible for at least

200 m from the front of the bicycle or device; and

(b) a flashing or steady red light that is clearly visible for at least

200 m from the rear of the bicycle or device; and

(c) a red reflector that is clearly visible for at least 50 m from the rear

of the bicycle or device when light is projected onto it by a

vehicle’s headlight on low-beam.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

260 Stopping for a red bicycle crossing light

(1) The rider of a bicycle approaching or at bicycle crossing lights

showing a red bicycle crossing light must stop before reaching the bicycle

crossing lights.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(2) The rider must not proceed until—

(a) the bicycle crossing lights change to green; or

(b) there is no red bicycle crossing light showing.

s 261 206 s 262

Transport Operations (Road Use Management—Road

Rules) Regulation 1999

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

 

261 Stopping for a yellow bicycle crossing light

(1) The rider of a bicycle approaching bicycle crossing lights showing a

yellow bicycle crossing light must comply with this section.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(2) If the rider can stop safely before reaching the bicycle crossing lights,

the bicycle rider must stop before reaching the lights.

(3) If the rider stops before reaching the bicycle crossing lights, and the

lights change to red, the bicycle rider must not proceed until—

(a) the bicycle crossing lights change to green; or

(b) there is no red or yellow bicycle crossing light showing.

 

262 Proceeding when bicycle crossing lights change to yellow or red

(1) If bicycle crossing lights at an intersection change from green to

yellow or red while the rider of a bicycle is in the intersection, the rider

must finish crossing the intersection as soon as the rider can do so safely.

Example

Red bicycle crossing light Green bicycle crossing light

Example

Yellow bicycle crossing light

s 263 207 s 265

Transport Operations (Road Use Management—Road

Rules) Regulation 1999

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(2) If bicycle crossing lights at a place on a road where the rider of a

bicycle is crossing the road change from green to yellow or red while the

rider is on the road, the rider must cross the road as soon as the rider can do

so safely.

Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.

(3) In this section—

roaddoes not include a road-related area.